Lesson 1: What is a Secondary Reinforcer?


The Principle of Secondary Reinforcement in operant conditioning, is the process in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to influence the future probability of a particular response by virtue of being paired with another stimulus that naturally enhances such probability. We look at what is – and what is not- a secondary reinforcer.


Gilchrist RJ, Gunter LM, Anderson SF, Wynne CDL. 2021. The click is not the trick: the efficacy of clickers and other reinforcement methods in training naïve dogs to perform new tasks. PeerJ9:e10881 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10881